Ratification process

UPC Agreement Ratification Process and Local or Regional Divisions

Before the Unified Patent Court Agreement (UPCA) can enter into force, it needs to be ratified by 13 Member States, including Germany, France and the UK (Art 89(1) UPCA). The epi’s Litigation Committee members from the various EU Member States have contributed information on the latest developments in their respective countries with regard to the ratification process. The input has been summarised in the attached table, which also contains news about the potential establishment of local or regional divisions (Art 7 UPCA) and the corresponding languages of proceedings (Art 49 UPCA). This table comprises data from all Signatory States to the UPCA. In addition, Poland, Croatia and Spain are included, being Member States of the European Union and potential candidates for joining the UPC in the future.

  Ratification Process Local or Regional Division
AT Austria deposited its instrument of ratification on 6 August 2013. In January 2015, it was decided by the Council of Ministers to establish a local division in the premises of the Austrian Patent Office in Vienna. It is not yet sure whether, and to what extent, English will be admitted as an additional language of proceedings.
BE Belgium deposited its instrument of ratification on 6 June 2014. Belgium is committed to establishing a local division in Brussels, which will operate in the three national languages (French, Dutch and German) plus English.
BG Bulgaria is the 25th country that signed the UPCA. At this stage, its ratification is not envisaged. The reasons for which ratification is put off are related to the necessity of assessing the financial aspects. Bulgaria is not considering the establishment of a local division, but under certain conditions the establishment of a regional division could be supported. In Bulgaria, there are no court cases on infringement of a European patent. Taking this lack of disputes into consideration, the opinion of the Bulgarian competent authorities is that the benefits of a regional division would be insignificant.
CY In Cyprus, there is no progress with regard to ratification. Cyprus has not made proposals for a local or regional division.
CZ In the Czech Republic, for the moment, no steps are taken for ratification. A study is expected to be carried out on the impact of the UPC on Czech firms and on the Czech economy and budget. It is moreover noted that the present quality of machine translation into Czech must be improved. There are furthermore no measures for a local or regional division. Discussions with Slovakia in this regard are only at the beginning.
DE In Germany, a draft law for ratification has still not been proposed to the Parliament, but no obstacles are expected. The bill should be ready in the second half of 2015. It is planned to have four local divisions in Germany: Munich, Düsseldorf, Mannheim and Hamburg. Munich will most likely have English as the second language of proceedings (besides German). Düsseldorf appears to be more reluctant in this respect. It is thus not clear that all local divisions will accept English.
DK Denmark deposited its instrument of ratification on 20 June 2014. A local division in Copenhagen with English and Danish as the languages of proceedings is envisaged.
EE The Ministry of Justice of Estonia has made a draft law for ratification, which might still take place in 2015 but more likely at the beginning of 2016. Estonia has concluded an agreement with Sweden, Latvia and Lithuania to set up a regional division (the “Nordic-Baltic” division) seated in Stockholm. This will enter into force when two of these countries, including at least Sweden, have ratified the UPC. The Nordic-Baltic divison is expected to constitute a flexible organisation which allows for proceedings to also be held in other locations than the seat of the division. The language of the proceedings will be English with interpretation to and from the national languages.
ES The main political parties in Spain are against the unitary patent package. This has not changed after the decision of the CJEU dismissing Spain’s actions. The Spanish profession is divided in this respect. Since there will be general elections at the end of 2015, the position of the newly elected government needs to be awaited.
FI A Government Bill for “accepting the UPCA, enacting and implementing necessary legislation, and amending the Finnish Patent Act and other laws” was presented to the Parliament on 28 September 2015. The Financial Committee and the Legal Committee of the Parliament have asked for statements from relevant interested parties and have arranged hearings with regard to said statements in mid-November 2015. Finland plans to create a local division in Helsinki with Finnish, Swedish and English as the languages of proceedings. A proposal in this respect is included in the Government Bill of 28 September 2015.
FR France deposited its instrument of ratification on 14 March 2014. France intends to establish a local division in Paris, near the central division. It will most likely designate French and English as the languages of proceedings. There are ongoing discussions to also accept German.
GR In Greece there is no progress, until now, regarding the ratification.
HR Croatia has not made a formal decision to join the system. „Formal procedure to join has not yet been initiated, but competent authorities are currently working on analyses and preparations for the likely joining. Competent state authorities and participants in the discussions concerning this issue took the view that it is necessary to wait with the final decision until all relevant aspects of the new system are known and until some open issues of the national innovation system are resolved“. It is expected that a final decision on whether the Republic of Croatia will join the new system might be reached in the beginning of next year
HU It is assumed that Hungary will ratify the UPCA, but it is not known when. A study on the impact of the UPC on the Hungarian economy will be conducted, according to a legal requirement. Hungary may establish a local division with Hungarian and English as the languages of proceedings. Another option is to take part in a regional division.
IE Before Ireland is able to ratify the UPCA, a referendum will be necessary. Since there will be a general election in 2016, it is not sure whether the referendum will still be held under the existing government. If the Agreement is ratified, it is expected that a local division will be established in Ireland.
IT Italy has not ratified the UPCA yet. On 30 Sept 2015 Italy has joined the unitary patent and become the 26th member of the enhanced cooperation on unitary patent protection. Italy intends to have a local division with seat in Milano.
LT A working document for ratification of the UPCA, which has been prepared by the Lithuanian State Patent Bureau, has been circulated in Goverment. It is not available to the public. Ratification is expected to take place in the autumn 2015 or the spring 2016 session of parliament. Lithuania will take part in the “Nordic-Baltic” division (see above under “Estonia”).
LU Luxembourg deposited its instrument of ratification on 22 May 2015. Luxembourg will not have a local or regional division. This means that all cases will be brought before the central division (Art 33(1) UPCA).
LV In Latvia, currently the Ministry of Justice is planning to submit documents on the ratification to the Cabinet of Ministers in the first half of year 2016. Latvia will take part in the “Nordic-Baltic” division (see above under “Estonia”).
MT Malta deposited its instrument of ratification on 9 December 2014. Malta will not have a local or regional division. This means that all cases will be brought before the central division (Art 33(1) UPCA).
NL The Netherlands deposited its instrument of ratification on 14 September 2016.
PL Even though Poland participated in the enhanced cooperation concerning unitary patent protection, it decided not to sign or ratify the UPCA. This position has not changed.
PT Portugal deposited its instrument of ratification on 28 August 2015.
RO In Romania, there are currently two points being discussed that somewhat slow the ratification process:
1) Transitory application of the UPCA.
2) Compatibility between national lawyers or judges that are going to become part-time UPC judges.
However, these two points should not constitute an impediment to the ratification by Romania, which is expected to be finished by end of this year
The preliminary option of Romania is to set up a regional division with the neighbouring states, such as Bulgaria, Greece and Cyprus, having the headquarters in Bucharest. At the present moment, however, Romania is taking into consideration other states for forming a regional division. A final decision in this respect has not yet been taken.
SE Sweden deposited its instrument of ratification on 5 June 2014. Sweden will take part in the “Nordic-Baltic” division (see above under “Estonia”).
SI In Slovenia an inter-ministerial group for unitary patent package was formed in July 2013, which is preparing documents for ratification of the UPCA. The ratification process is ongoing. However, the time frame for its completion is still rather undetermined. Ratification is not expected within this year. A tripartite expert meeting with respect to forming a potential regional division was held in 2014 with the representatives of Hungary and Croatia, which expressed their interest for partnership in the regional division. Croatia would join such regional division subsequently, following the signing and ratification of the UPCA.
SK The Slovak Republic has not moved to ratifying the UPCA. It will wait until the system is operational. Officials are discussing whether a study on the impact of the UPC on the Slovak economy should be conducted. There are concerns about the increase in density of patents, the level of the fees and the propatent approach of the UPC. The Ministry of Justice will look into the CJEU decisions. There are no concrete steps for a local or regional division. The Ministry of Justice is involved in formal discussions with Czech colleagues in this regard. Brno has been considered as a possible seat of the local division.
UK The United Kingdom announced on 26 April 2018 that it had deposited the instruments of ratification of the Agreement relating to the Unified Patent Court (UPCA) The UK plans to have a local division in London.

Source: patentepi.com